The top 10 wheat producing countries in the world collectively account for almost 510 million tons of the global wheat production. The global wheat market is dominated by China as it is among the top wheat producing countries in the world. The top wheat producing countries are significant contributors to the global food supply as they are also the top wheat exporting countries around the world. It is estimated that the developing economies consume almost 75% of the global wheat production and wheat constitutes around 25% of the total food grain production across the world. On analyzing global wheat production by country, it is seen that the first three top wheat producing countries together comprise almost half of the total wheat production in the world. The global wheat production was estimated to be around 758 million tons as the output has increased significantly in the recent times owing to favorable conditions. The global wheat production market is dominated by China as it is the largest wheat producing country in the world.
Wheat is regarded as one of most important food cereal grain consumed and produced all over the world and is ranked as the third largest food crop in terms of volume after rice and corn. The essential climatic factor essential for wheat production in the world is a rainfall ranging from 240 mm to 1700 mm precipitation annually. A report by the International Grains Council reveals that around 21% of the global wheat producing amounting to about 176 million tons is traded by the top wheat exporting countries around the world. The consumption of wheat around the world has been increasing by 1.5% every year for the past two decades while the global wheat production is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of around 2.5% for the next five years. The top 10 wheat producing countries in the world manage to maintain an average surplus stock of around 125 million tons in total calculated after global consumption and trading.
|Country||Production (Million Tons)|
China is the largest wheat producing country in terms of global wheat production by country with an estimated annual output of around 130 million tons at the end of 2017. Wheat is cultivated in 30 provinces in China and the top two wheat producing regions in the country are Henan and Shandong combined accounting for almost 40% of the wheat production in China. Around 24 million hectares of land is used for wheat cultivation in China. The top five wheat exporters in China are Qingdao Sunrise Biotechnology Co Ltd., Shaoxing Shangyu Wanshida Wheat Corporation, Shenzhen Ator Food Co Ltd, Hangzhou Wellong Food Co Ltd, and Shangyu City Wanshida Wheat Co Ltd.
India is among the top wheat producing countries in the world and the annual wheat production in India is forecasted to surpass an annual volume of 100 million tons within the next few years. India is the second-large wheat producing country in Asia after China. The top three wheat producing the state in India are Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh constituting about 60% of the total wheat cultivation in India. It is estimated that almost 30 million hectares of agricultural land is used for wheat production in India. The top five wheat exporters in India are Shri Lal Mahal, Fazlani Exports Pvt LTD, PEC Limited, Anik Industries Ltd, and Prestige Group.
The third largest wheat production in the world is made by Russia, which annually produces about 63 million tons of wheat and the volume is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 11% over the next few years. According to various sources, more than 26 million hectares of land is utilized for Russian wheat production every year. The largest wheat producing regions in Russia are Volga, Western Siberia, and European Russia. The annual Russian wheat exports stood at about 32 million tons in 2017. The top five Russian wheat exporters are AgroPromService, Ramburs Group, Rus-Agro LLC, Tavrida LLC, and Omskiy Melnik LLC.
The USA is among the top 10 wheat producing countries in the world and almost all the states in the USA engage in wheat cultivation. According to United States Department of Agriculture, the annual wheat production in the USA was around 58 million tons at the end of 2017 and the total volume of wheat export from the USA was reported to be almost 31 million tons. The top wheat producing states in the USA are Kansas, Northern Dakota, Montana, Washington, and Oklahoma. The largest wheat exporters in the USA were Kansas Wheat, Sienna International Group, Archer Daniels Midland, Cargill, and Italgrani USA. The US is the largest wheat producing country in the entire American continent.
France has the fifth largest wheat production in the world with an annual volume of about 42 million tons. France accounts for around 18% of the total wheat production in EU and is one of the top wheat producing countries across the globe. The total area for wheat production in France is around 16 million hectares and the country exports around 20 million tons of wheat annually. The best regions for wheat production in France are the Paris Basin, Aquitaine, and Pyrenees. The top five wheat exporting companies in France are Soufflet Group, InVivo, Cfia, Hammersmith Marketing Ltd, and Hexatradie. France is the largest wheat producing country in Europe followed by Germany and Ukraine.
Canada is one of the top wheat producing countries in the world and it is most widely grown food grain crop in the country. The wheat production in Canada is estimated to be around 31 million tons and an export value of almost 16 million tons of wheat in 2017. The largest wheat producing provinces in Canada are Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan while around 11 million hectares of land is used for wheat production in Canada. The top wheat exporters in Canada are Canadian Grain Inc, Barr-AG, Great Western Grain Co Ltd, Agro Hall, and CorNine Commodities. Canada is the second-largest wheat producing country after the US in the American region.
Germany is the seven largest producer of wheat among the top 10 wheat producing countries in the world. The annual volume of wheat produced in Germany was valued at almost 30 million tons in 2017. The amount of wheat exported by Germany in 2017 was worth about 9 million tons and the largest wheat producing regions in the country are Bayren and Niedersachsen. The top wheat-exporting companies in Germany are Gustav Kindt GmbH, Servetrade GbR, SEKEM Europe GmbH, Bio-Agrar International GmbH, and Horst Bode Import-Export GmbH.
Pakistan is one of the top wheat producing countries across the globe and the third largest wheat producing country in Asia. The annual wheat production in Pakistan was estimated to be about 28 million tons in 2017. Wheat is the principal agricultural food crop for the country. Around 9 million hectares of land is utilized for wheat production in Pakistan and wheat in Pakistan comprises almost 2% of the national GDP. The top wheat producing states in Pakistan are Punjab, Sindh, KPK, and Baluchistan. The largest wheat exporters in Pakistan are Texfab Corporation, Global Commodities, Marvel Agro Commodities, Universal Impex, and Seatrade Group.
Australia produces almost 27 million tons of wheat every year and is one of the top 10 wheat producing countries in the world. Wheat is a primary winter crop grown in the country and the total Australian wheat exports figure was about 16 million tons in 2017. The prominent states with the highest wheat production in Australia are Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia, Southern Australia, and Queensland. The largest wheat exporters in Australia are Australian Grain Export Pty Ltd (AGE), Wheat Exports Australia, Agracom Grain Trading Company, Robinson Grain Trading, and Agromin Australia.
Ukraine is the tenth largest country in terms of global wheat production and accounts for about half of the total cereal grains production in the country. The annual wheat production in Ukraine is 25 million tons and around 40% is exported to various countries across the globe. Wheat production in Ukraine takes place in almost 8 million hectares of agricultural land. The popular wheat growing regions in Ukraine are Central and South-Central parts of Ukraine. The top five wheat exporters in Ukraine are Mironivskyi Hliboprodukt, Kernel, Nibulon, Serna, and Rise.
The top wheat exporting countries in the world trade wheat and wheat flour with several neighboring countries where the domestic consumption exceeds the wheat production annually. The top wheat producing countries are focused on countering the challenges being faced by global wheat production in view of changes in climate and patterns of rainfall across the world. Several wheat producing nations are investing in scientific research and development to increase the yield of the land per hectare and also devise new ways for irrigation in cases of scanty rainfall. The top 10 wheat producing countries produce more than 60% of the global wheat production and countries like Russia, India, and Canada are geared to increase their annual wheat production to fulfill the growing demand for food grains across the globe. The top wheat producing countries in the world are forecasted expand their production capacity by 5-10% every year for the next five years.